Harworth III, Junius Wentworth (born - Horvath, Gyula;
a.k.a. - Hoey, Julius; a.k.a. - Horvath, Julius)

Original Content Is © 2013 - Carroll F. Gray

HARWORTH III, Junius Wentworth

(more communications between Junius W. Harworth & Stella Randolph will be posted as time permits)

Affidavit, August 21, 1934

I, Junius W. Harworth, residing at Detroit, Michigan do depose and say that I was associated with Gustave Whitehead during his experiments with heavier than air flying machines. On August, Fourteenth, Nineteen Hundred and One I was present and assisted on the occasion when Mr. Whitehead succeeded in flying his machine, propelled by a motor, to a height of two-hundred feet off the ground or sea beach at Lordship Manor, Connecticut. The distance flown was approximately one mile and a half and lasted to the best of my knowledge for four minutes.

The machine used was constructed entirely by Whitehead with my assistance, was known as a monoplane having a four cylinder two cycle motor located forward and using two propellers. Ignition was of the make and break type and used Columbia dry batteries. The gas tank was gravity feed and held two gallons of Petrol as then called. The body of the machine was constructed of pine, spruce and bamboo reinforced with Shelby steel tubing and piano wires. The wing coverings were of japanese silk, varnished and fastened to the bamboo struts with white tape. These wings spread out behind the propellers and were supported with wires running to a central mast. The entire machine weighted approximately 800 pounds. Mr. Whitehead weighed around 165 pounds.

Letter excerpt, Junius W. Harworth to Stella Randolph, October 7, 1934

I asked him [Gustave Whitehead] why he came home in the truck and he explained that he had to get his belongings at the railroad station after supper... On Friday afternoon when he returned from the station with the box... he told me that he wanted me to watch this box until he could open it on the following day (Saturday noon). When he did arrive he found me seated on top of the box munching a cookie and he was so pleased with my vigilance that he gave me a brand new copper cent from his first pay. Needless to say I was pleased and felt well paid even though I refused to play run-sheep-run with my playmates. As I look back now, my life in mechanics and scientific interest started at the moment of receiving that copper, and strange to say it was the only money ever received from him in all the years that I was associated with him.

Letter excerpt, Junius W. Harworth to Stella Randolph, January 24, 1936

Relative to the midsummer trials in 1901 on Pine Street with machine #21, the first attempt took place along the Bridgeport Gas Company property, flying or hopping from Howard Avenue eastward to Wordin Avenue. At the eastern end of Pine Street, near the railroad tracks, we had ample room to turn the machine about, and flew and hopped to Howard Avenue. With homes on both sides and trees, we felt it risky so pushed the machine westward to Hancock Avenue, then from here on a flight was made, the machine rising about five feet.

Letter excerpt, Junius W. Harworth to Ernest L. Jones, April 22, 1950

We always started the motor by turning the props for testing the thrust and motor gear. During the Lordship flights the plane was pushed by men about, thus power was applied thru wheel traction then to props. A lever disengaged movement from the wheels to motor. I was within the plane many times during test runs but for actual flights W was alone as my weight would have been a hinderance.