Arthur Stentzel

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Stentzel ornithopter

      Berlin, Germany, Arthur Stentzel of Altona, Prussia, began experimenting with gliders and ornithopters in the early 1890's. In 1896, he demonstrated his flapping wing flying machine at Berlin. The Stentzel machine had cambered bird-like wings of 6.5 m. wingspan (21.3 ft.) and a rounded cruciform tail. It was powered by a carbonic acid engine mounted forward and below the wings. The flying machine ran along a horizontal wire, off of which it lifted when in motion. The machine achieved a speed of 4.5 m.p.s. (10 m.p.h.).